If you've been working on a song or recording and are now feeling a little overwhelmed with the technical aspects of mixing and recording vocals, you might want to consider using a mic for recording vocals. There are several different types of microphones used for recording vocals and all of them have their advantages. To begin with, they all have the ability to capture a better sound and are more convenient than desktop microphones.
It is common knowledge that you can pick up great studio recording vocals from the mic, but do you really know why? In all actuality, the sound is captured via three different mediums. First, you can get the sound through the studio speakers. Second, you can get the sound through your own body. Third, you can get the sound through a combination of both mediums.
The common mic for tracking vocals is the SM58. This is an open ended condenser microphone that can handle a very wide frequency range. However, its frequency response is not as good as some other condenser mics and it tends to pick up low frequency sounds. In addition, if the vocalist does not like his or her voice being too bright, these mics are not the best choices for studio recording vocals because the sound does tend to lack a crisp quality.
Another popular mic for recording vocals is the cardioid polar pattern. This type of microphone has two capsules that have a cardioid pattern. Because the cardioid pattern allows for more precise imaging, many vocalists prefer this type of mic. Also, if a vocalist needs to record with a tight budget, cardioid polar pattern is probably the best option for him or her. However, if you have a tight budget, a condenser microphone will be your best choice.
Condenser microphones tend to produce cleaner sounds because they don't pick up background noise. In addition, they are better at trapping sound (amps, compression drums) and eliminating feedback. However, they are not as good at handling high frequencies. When using condenser mics for live performances, a vocalist should usually use a dynamic mic to capture sounds during a performance.
The diaphragm of a diaphragm microphone is also what determines the quality of the sound. A flexible diaphragm attached to a circuit board through an amplifier creates the sound of the vocalist's voice. However, if the singer moves his or her mouth, the diaphragm can easily be dislodged and the sound will no longer be as clean. Therefore, these mics should be used with care when recording vocals. Other types of mics used for live performances are omnidirectional microphones and cardioid microphones.
Omnidirectional condenser mics capture sound waves in one direction only. Therefore, the sound waves pass through both ears of the listener. If there is any background noise, the diaphragm will pick up the sound and direct the sound waves in one direction. This type of microphone is most commonly used for recording vocals.
If you're trying to capture a singer who sings in different octaves, then a cardioid mic will be your best option. These microphones capture sound waves in all directions and provide a better sound quality than a condenser mic. However, if the vocalist's voice is not very steady or does not hold a specific pitch, then a dynamic mic will be your better option. Lastly, if the vocalist's voice is very high pitched, then a cardioid mic will be the better option.
If you're looking to capture a live performance, then you need an audio interface. Audio interfaces consist of a headset that allows you to record the performance right into your computer. They use either digital or analog audio interface so that the signal captured by the audio interface can be recorded onto a hard drive and transferred into a loss-less format such as MP3. The advantage of using an audio interface is that the user will hear the performance through their headphones and it will eliminate the background noises in the audience.
In addition to microphones used for recording vocals, you will need a pair of headphones to listen to the recording. These mics will capture the sound from the live performance. However, some microphones that you will record the vocals with will have much stronger signal output than others. It is important to compare the strength of the sound produced by the different microphones when you're comparing the options. If you notice a difference, then it is most likely that you're getting a good mic.
One last piece of equipment that is needed for recording clean vocals would be a high quality condenser mic. You can easily get these at any electronics store. The condenser microphone will take the amp output and lower it to the standard voltage that the headphones will provide. The condenser microphone will provide cleaner vocals without having the standard harshness that is created by dynamic microphones.