Monitor speakers are loudspeakers mounted on the front panel of a computer monitor, typically within a sound proof enclosure. This type of enclosure has a specific measurement and style that is intended to increase the quality and warmth of the sound produced by the loudspeaker itself. Monitor speakers can also be called TV speakers, since they are used in conjunction with television screens to reproduce stereo audio. Studio monitors are loudspeakers usually in dedicated sound proof enclosures, which are specially designed for audio production uses, including recording studios, movie studios, television studios, or personal home studios and projects.
When looking at purchasing monitor speakers, it's important to keep several factors in mind. Firstly, the size and power of the audio source need to be determined. In most cases, the majority of monitor speakers will use a line output, so all the speakers should be within easy reach of the audio source. This is particularly importan when working in a multi-speaker home theatre system or a media room.
Another important factor is the Woofer. Monitor speakers commonly feature one single woofer. If you're interested in a balanced, stereo effect, you'll probably prefer a woofer placed on the rear of the audio board. A single woofer will not reproduce high frequencies as well as multiple tweeters, which may be required for creating a proper bass tone. Also, the frequency response of a single woofer will be different from that of a dual woofer configuration.
Monitor speakers can also be used in a home music production setup. However, this type of set-up is not recommended for mixing home cinema audio with other sources, such as CDs or DVDs. For this type of application, it's better to use separate monitors for the main audio input and the headphones. A good tip is to position the monitors at ear level when you're listening to music from a DVD or cd to enhance the quality of the sound.
There are many types of monitor speakers, each designed for different situations. With regards to home audio applications, the most common type is an audio interface, which connects the speakers to an appropriate input device. The advantages of using an audio interface are that you don't need direct access to your computer speakers, there is no direct connection between the speakers and the input device, and you can use different types of speaker drivers. In addition, using an audio interface saves space since there isn't a need for an extra enclosure stand.
If your computer speakers are too tall or wide for your ears or computer monitor, then you'll probably be better off buying computer speakers instead. Although, computer speakers aren't ideal for home audio applications, they're a good option for professional studios or even for use in small rooms where there are no speaker stands. Computer speakers, such as sealed boxes, planar and sub woofers, are often preferred over sealed box systems due to their durability and bass extension. They may not be as powerful as sealed box models, but they do have a much more professional tone.
MOSFET (Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor) is one of the most popular switching technologies used in monitor speakers. MOSFETs provide a clean and quiet operating environment. MOSFETs are also known as Capacitors, because they are designed to control the alternating current in a capacitor. Most MOSFETs operate at much lower voltage than typical capacitors, and this is advantageous because it allows them to be used in designs where high voltages are not a problem. MOSFETs also have a high frequency range, making them ideal for speaker systems with a lot of midrange frequencies.
When purchasing monitor speakers, you should pay attention to the frequency response curve, which determines how the sound is distributed when the speaker is set up. A high frequency response curve will produce a lot of mid-frequency sound, while a low frequency response curve will only produce the low notes. A typical good quality set of monitor speakers will include a mid-frequency adjustment option on the crossover. This way you can get the best of both worlds and get the performance you want from your monitor system.